Conditions

CHONDROMALACIA PATELLA

This is also known as “runner’s knee” where the cartlilage of the under surface of the patella deteriorates and softens. This condition is common among young, athelletic individuals but may also occur in adults who have arthritis of the knee. Causes: • Poor alignment due to congenital condition • Weak hamstrings and quadriceps • Muscle imbalance between adductors and abductors (the muscles on the outside and inside of the thighs) • Repeated stress to the knee joints such as from running or jumping • Direct blow or trauma to your knee cap Risk Factors: • Age : Adolescents and young adults are at high risk • Sex: Females are more likely than males to develop this as they possess less muscle mass than males • Flat Feet • Previous injury • High activity level • Arthritis Symptoms: • Pain in the knee region • Sensation of grinding or cracking when bending or extending the knee • Pain may worsen after sitting for prolong period of time Diagnosis: • The doctor will examine for swelling or tenderness in your knee. A miss alignment of the knee cap with the thigh bone is an indicator of this disease • X-rays • MRI • Arthroscopic exam Grading: • Grade 1 : indicates softening of the cartilage in the knee area • Grade 2 : softening of the cartilage along with abnormal surface characteristics • Grade 3 : shows thinning of the cartilage with active deterioration of the tissue • Grade 4 : This is the most severe. It means bone to bone rubbing is occurring in the knee Treatment: • Physical Therapy • Surgery

CHONDROMALACIA PATELLA